Sunday, March 15, 2020
JUST GETTING STARTED Put down that pen! Dont you even think about starting off your writing career with a book. Why? Because you havent become a writer yet. In all my conference classes, the first thing I tell people is this . . . BECOME A WRITER FIRST. A lot of people skip that part of the career the educational process, the word order, the flow, the friggin VOICE that so many people ignore. Thats why so much writing just muddies together. One big mass of earthworms, tangled together in a Kindle world. Just finished reading a short book about a ghost in Savannah. The writer has great potential. Shes even educated. Some comment she made on a blog made me buy the book. (Let THAT be another lesson for you.) However, she head hopped. She switched characters, disassociating pronouns. She skipped descriptions. It was so obvious that the material was in her head, but somewhere between her gray matter and her fingers, it got waylaid. So now, I associate her name with less-than-stellar writing. Premature writing is like a bad marriage. Its always in the background. Always a reminder. Sure, after enough years its remembered less, but seriously . . . do you want to wait years for a bad piece of work to fade away? Magazines. Start with magazines. No matter what you write, there are magazines you can write for. Yes, youll be rejected, as you should. Yes, youll get frustrating coming up with unique ideas, as you should. But magazine writing is the jumping off point for all writers, in my opinion. That and/or newspapers. No, Im not belittling either profession, but your opportunities are more and you learn lessons faster when you have to meet deadlines, or have to eat from the articles you sell. Romance, mystery, sci-fi, nonfiction, all exist. But write about anything . . . everything. Test yourself. If you think you have the guts, um, prowess, to write anything book-length, then magazine articles should not be daunting. Reasons to start with magazine writing: You learn how to carefully choose your words in a small space. (i.e., writing tight) YOu learn how to adhere to an editors needs. You learn how to write faster. You learn how to research, and cull that research since youll never need it all. You earn money, always a good thing. You earn clips, which actually show that . . . you are a writer. Tough love time. If an editor sees your
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Crash by Paul Haggis - Movie Review Example From this study it is clear that the movie has proved to be quite interesting; it is quickly enough understood that who the characters are and how they live, but we wonder about their behaviour to each accident they face throughout the whole movie. Mostly for variations people watch movies which enact rituals. "Crash" on the other is a movie that shows free will, and that there are vast possibilities for anything to occur. The movie plays its vital part in wrapping the viewers and getting them involved because as we go on, we develop a sense of care for the characters.This paper highlights that Officer Hansen in the movie, in my opinion proves to be a very fascinating character. He is a white male who seemingly lived in a typical neighbourhood and fairly has the same normal views of an individual who comes from similar social background. Officer Hansen is a considerate young man who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care about peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s social indifference. He is completely dissimilar to his part ner Officer Ryan who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t treat people of different race equally.Ã In the late beginning of the movie he encounters a conflict between his partner and a black couple where his partner took advantage of his position and tried to vulgarly abuse the black manÃ¢â¬â¢s wife just because of the racial difference which was highly disliked by Officer Hansen.Ã Officer Hansen is shown to be a common white man with a typical background.
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Anger,hatred,powerlessness and connection - Assignment Example Anger is a natural emotion, but it does not mean that one cannot avoid it. For anger to flourish there must be a root of where it sprung. One must develop the discipline to not harbor such seeds that can lead to hatred. Having a serene and tranquil mind will help us to be mindful of our anger and relieve us from resorting to foul and malicious behavior. While coming into terms with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s emotions is seldom deemed healthy, it is considered a normal aspect of life. By hating, one risks the cultivation of such hatred, which in turn further causes negative repercussions not only to the individual but also to society itself by developing the culture of hate. Gould (2011) offers a more healthy approach in dealing with the haters: by working Ã¢â¬Å"within the dynamics of identity formation, maintenance, and defense to transform hateÃ¢â¬ . By doing so, haters can be dealt with in a more positive light and the culture of hated can be
Friday, January 31, 2020
Just Desert Essay Ã¢â¬Å"Just DesertsÃ¢â¬ is simply defined as the morally reassuring allocation of happy and unhappy, virtuous and the vicious characters respectively and are usually at the end of a narrative or dramatic work. (Liberman, Peter 2006). Just desert is an idiom coined by Thomas Rhymer in 1968 from the word just and desert. Just is being honorable and fair in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s dealings and actions whereas desert is what one deserves rightly. However there are many arguments from those who are in favor and those who are against Ã¢â¬Å"Just DesertsÃ¢â¬ . Those in favor argue that people who work hard deserve the fruits of their labor while whose who break the rules deserve to be treated in the same way that they voluntarily choose to treat others that is if you behave well, you are entitled to good treatment from others. The central idea they put forward is that the offender gains unfair advantages through his/her behavior and punishment will set that imbalance right/straight. Citizens should enjoy the benefits of the rule of law and anyone who seeks those benefits without willing to make the necessary sacrifice of self restraint wants to be a free rider by helping himself to unfair advantages and the society/state needs to prevent this to preserve the rule of law. This is because in the event of wrong doing one who merits certain benefits loses them while one who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t deserve them gains them and therefore punishment removes the underserved benefits by imposing a penalty that in some sense pays for the harm inflicted by the offense. Just desert aims to restore both victim and offender to their appropriate positions relative to each other justifying the punishment is a warranted response to past events of injustice or wrong doing and acts to reinforce ruler that have been broken and balance the scales of justice. They believe that since conflict often involves violence and many involve genocide, racial discrimination, rape, murder and torture. The perpetrators should be brought to justice and this is only accomplished through international courts or tribunals that carry out war crimes adjudication. Consequently they feel that retributive justice gives those who violate human rights law or commit crimes against humanity their Ã¢â¬Å"just desertsÃ¢â¬ and that punishment will reinforce the rules of international law add that it denies those who have violated those rules any unfair advantages. However, there are those who are against Ã¢â¬Å"just desertsÃ¢â¬ completely since they are convinced that there is a tendency to slip from retributive justice to an emphasis on revenge which is a matter of retaliation they feel that revenge will only focus on personal hurt involved and will typically rotate around anger, hatred, bitterness and resentment. Such emotions are very destructive since they lead to overreaction and therefore the resulting punishments can be excessive and might cause antagonism. In addition, punishments which usually dictated by revenge will automatically not satisfy the principles of proportionality or consistency (Rachels, James. , (1997). This is because vengeance leads to punishment and vary according to the degree of anger provoked. This will ultimately mean that wrongs that do not provoke anger will receive no response while those acts that provoke a great deal of anger will on the other hand provoke and overly intense response. These responses which are dictated by emotions usually may lead to reciprocal acts of violence. This are normally thought to occur mostly in regions where there were past injustices done to the locals who re otherwise living together in harmony and if punishments which are dictated by vengeance are given resentments of past injustices may motivate people who otherwise live peacefully engage in torture and slaughter of neighbors identified are members of groups who committed past atrocities. This will provoke devastating inter group violence in the form of mass killing which further leads to more harm and downward spiral of violence. Overly harsh punishments brings/evokes feelings of hatred, increases the level of harm done, additionally, in an atmosphere of heightened violence, the room for forgiveness and apologies is closed or very little. In this event many of those who oppose Ã¢â¬Å"just desertsÃ¢â¬ believe that the victims should not seek revenge since this will in turn make them new victimizers but instead they should forgive the offenders and in the end cycle of the offence is discontinued. Furthermore, they feel that forgiveness does not and will not take the place of justice or punishments, nor does it rule out giving the wrong doer his/her Ã¢â¬Å"just desertsÃ¢â¬ . In summary, both arguments for and against Ã¢â¬Å"just desertsÃ¢â¬ suggest that punishments should fit the errors that is like cases be treated alike and that the wrong doer wholly deserves blame and punishment proportionate to the harm inflicted. However, thou against feel that formal institutions with trained judiciaries are best equipped to carry out just retribution and that such institution can effectively bring the offenders to justice by giving them punishment they deserve. They continue to say that truth and reconciliation commissions play an integral role especially trials for war crimes can convert the desire for revenge into state managed punishment that is proportional and fair. However, they warn that incases of large scale violence such trials are ineffective but propose restorative justice through reparations and compensation. References: Gragg, Wesley (1992). The practice of punishment towards a theory of restorative justice (New York, Routledge, 15. Liberman, Peter 2006. An eye for an eye public support for war against evil doers. International organization Rachels, James (1997) Ã¢â¬Å"punishment and DesertÃ¢â¬ in ethics in practice, ed Hugh Lafollette Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers,
Thursday, January 23, 2020
EFL students always have comprehension problems in listening for many complicated reasons. The listening materials are considered to be too fast and variable for EFL students, especially for the beginning language learners. Renandya and Farrell (2011) believed that Ã¢â¬Å"any increase in speech rate tends to result in a decrease in comprehensionÃ¢â¬ (p. 53). WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, when the speaker modifies the sound or blend several words together when they are speaking, listeners will get confused. When we talk with others outside class, communication seems much easier compared with the in-class formal listening practice, and that is because face-to-face communication is a two-way listening. If we have any difficulty or miss any information, we can easily go back and ask the speaker to speak more slowly and clearly, or to repeat the information. In this case, listening is not that difficult. On the contrary, formal listening exercises are usually one-way tasks; listeners cannot get any extra clue except the listening material itself. This is even more difficult for beginning listeners, and they have nothing to do except following the so-called good listenersÃ¢â¬â¢ strategies, which are actually ineffective for them. According to traditional listening researches, the lower-level listener should be able to solve their comprehension problems by themselves with a lot of formal strategy training. However, the reality is a different situation. In this article, Renandya and Farrell (2011) stated that the traditional training of listening strategies is very popular, but many problems still exist. For example, it is a great burden for teachers to acquire many different strategies and theories in order to train their students; and the so-called effective listen... ...few projects; instead, students at different language proficiency levels should have their own listening plans and designs. For those beginning learners, easier and more interesting listening resources would be appropriate. They may listen to kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ songs; watch cartoons and movies with simpler conversations; listen to podcast; or read latest news that they are interested in and communicate with their classmates and friends. Their focus should be on fluency and adequacy. For those at higher proficiency level, more complicated video and audio resources could be a good try, and they may also focus on complexity. Teachers should also notice that, extensive listening does not only refer to outside class and self-monitoring activities. Teachers must take charge of some tasks in order to better control the effect and guide students to practice toward the correct direction.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
The African origin of early modern humans 200,000Ã¢â¬â150,000 years ago is now well documented, with archaeological data suggesting that a major migration from tropical east Africa to the Levant took place between 130,000 and 100,000 years ago via the presently hyper-arid Saharan-Arabian desert. The path out of East Africa leads across North Africa, through the Nile corridor, and across the Red Sea, or across the Indian Ocean and the strait of Bab el Mandeb to the Arabian peninsula and beyond to Eurasia. Most of this interconnected landmass of the so-called Old World, the continental area encompassing Africa, Europe, and Asia, received migrants from East Africa by about 1.5 million years ago. This migration was dependent on the occurrence of wetter climate in the region. Whereas there is good evidence that the southern and central Saharan-Arabian desert experienced increased monsoon precipitation during this period, no unequivocal evidence has been found for a corresponding rainfall increase in the northern part of the migration corridor, including the Sinai-Negev land bridge between Africa and Asia. The major feature of world populations through time is their increasing numbers. It is likely that many early human migrations resulted from the pressure of such demographic increases on limited food resources; disease, drought, famine, war, and natural disaster figure among the most important causes of early human migrations. Approximately 100,000 years ago, the first migrations of Homo sapiens out of their African homeland likely coincided with the ability to use spoken language and to control fire. Over the next 87,000 years humans migrated to every continent, encompassing a wide variety of natural environments. The Americas were the last continents to be reached by Homo sapiens, about 13,000 years ago. Why these earliest migrants left Africa to colonize the world is a complex, important question. The answer is likely to be found in a web of interrelated factors centered around human behavior, specifically behavior selected to reduce risk and increase the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ fitness for survival. Calculated migration must have resulted from information sharing, alliance building, memory, and the ability to negotiateÃ¢â¬â all skills that necessarily accompanied increasingly complex social and cultural groups. The increasing complexity of existence inevitably led hominids out of Africa, resulting in a global distribution of diverse human groups. Increasing population may have prodded the migration of some groups. Armed with the attributes of culture, the distinctive, complex patterns of behavior shared by human groups, humans eventually adapted to and conquered virtually all global environments. Whatever the nature of human origins, whenever or wherever human societies and cultures first appeared, the peopling of our globe has been a product of migration from place to place. Given the small numbers of people and the vast distances they traversed, and considering their technologically limited modes of transportation, the movement of people around the globe seems miraculous. The examples of global colonization described below depended on interactions between people and between people and their environments. Gradually, sometime during the Middle Stone Age (perhaps 100,000 to 200,000 years ago), distinct patterns of interaction among humans and between them and the landscapes in which they lived emerged. Because the distinctive physical and social environments to which humans adapted were themselves constantly changing, cultures too continually changed. That early humans acquired technological and social skills can be inferred from widespread evidence of their material cultureÃ¢â¬âstone tools and utensils, carved figurines, rock and cave art, and the like, dating from about 40,000 years agoÃ¢â¬âwhich has been found in most parts of the globe. The development of language unquestionably furthered the social and technological evolution of humans and facilitated systems of reciprocity and social exchange. For example, the division of labor in food production and the exchange and transportation of goods and products were greatly expedited by speech. Being able to assign different tasks to different individuals furthered cooperation and fueled the processes of social and cultural evolution. http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/unit_readings_3.html http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/unit_overview_3.html
Monday, January 6, 2020
The Characteristics of a Sexually Healthy Person, Sexual Dysfunctions and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Free Essay Example, 2750 words
Some people may suffer from a form of sexual dysfunction that inhibits their ability to maximize the pleasure derived from sex. In the case of men, some are unable to get it up or get an erection. Others may experience premature ejaculation or when they get orgasm long before their partner does ore even prior to penetration. On the other hand, some may not even reach orgasm regardless of how often and how long they have sex. For women, some may experience pain while having sex due to the lack of lubrication or simply because they are not wet enough. In the same way as men, some women may also have difficulty in having an orgasm during sexual intercourse. Other women may even be too frigid to even have sex. These are just some of the common sexual dysfunctions experienced by males and females. Given the importance of sex in human beings lives, it is necessary that these dysfunctions be addressed. These sexual dysfunctions have a direct effect on how one could have children an d build a family. Moreover, these dysfunctions may have adverse psychological effects on men and women like the loss of self-confidence. Specifically for men, they may be subjected to teasing from their peers. With the prevailing macho ideology, male prowess is often indicated by how much men are able to have sex. Being teased about their ability to have sex is a big no-no for men as this would cause a definitely big blow in their ego. We will write a custom essay sample on The Characteristics of a Sexually Healthy Person, Sexual Dysfunctions and Sexually Transmitted Diseases or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Others go about this with their partner since having a sexual dysfunction is not only the problem of the person suffering from it but also of his/her sexual partner. Especially for long term relationships, going about this in pairs as a team may help enhance the success rate of the therapy.